Monthly Archive: February 2014

Education In The Old Societies: Tribal, Eastern And Greek

The EDUCATION IN the TRIBAL SOCIETIES the calls primitive communities (antecedent to the invention of the writing) used, almost that exclusively, agriculture, the pasturing, the hunting fish and it for its survival. Moreover, divisions of social classrooms do not possuam, then the relation did not exist control-obedience, and the standards of behaviors were developed in the base of the consensus. Ahead of these aspects, the education in these civilizations becomes interesting, still more for the fact not to have the writing. For this reason, the figure of the school did not exist and the educative process aimed at ' ' to prepare the individual for the life and at the same time to prepare it to be able to participate of the life of the group, indispensable reality, under some aspetos, for sobrevivncia' ' (GILES, Thomas Ransom, 1987, History of the Education, P. 4).

Valley to stand out that the myths had fort presence in the culture of these peoples and, therefore, the obedience to the mythical teachings was something of extreme value, has seen the fear of being wronged physics and mentally for the disobedience they totem to it (generally an animal and to the times a vegetable totem, it is the mythical ancestor of a tribe that grants protection to each one of its members). We see then the presence of a based educational system in the imitation, that not form critical, but only repeating of information. In the process of transmission of knowledge, the tribes carried through the calls initiation ceremonies, in which the young was submitted the tests of physical and psychological resistncias. These tests were applied by most experienced of the tribes, mainly for the calls wizards and xams. It is important to point out that these last ones, even so had much respect and admiration inside of the tribes, was not seen as superior heads or beings.

Educational Molds

Therefore if it constitutes thus a democratic society. Inside of the theory not – engloba criticizes, pedagogia traditional, where the pupil is a detector of information, therefore still the used methodology follows to the traditional molds of education, in which the pupils become listeners and alone the professors possess the knowledge, however this still would be one of the great problems in which they need to be worked in the learning system desabituando the professors to work in this way. However, the traditional pedagogia does not answer to the yearnings of the learning. NEW SCHOOL With the New School appears another perspective for the education, here therefore it uses the citizen and the object without distinction, you criticize however them start to appear, therefore in the truth the new school also was not occasioning effect, therefore the traditional school continued property in possession. the social revolutions had left well clear, but, according to Saviani (1981. p: 5), …, the hopes of that if it could correct the distortion express in the phenomenon of the marginality, through the school, was of foot. If the school did not come fulfilling to this function such fact if it had the one that implanted type of school? the traditional school? it will disclose inadequate.

It takes body, then, an ample movement of reform whose more typical expression was known under the name of ' ' escolanovismo' '. Then with the new school or escolanovismo is transferred to criticize it the traditional school, where it passes for a great reform, in which the marginality more is not seen as the symbol of the ignorance and yes the rejected profile of, of the abnormal person, the misadjusted one psychically and consequently of biological form. The school passes to be then the form of adaptation and adjustment of the individuals to the society, clarified and accepted for the social groups, not being mis only one mere illustration.

National Education

The school is a privileged environment of learning. In it, the resume, aformao of the professors, the administration of the time, the space, the materialdidtico are planned to help to construct an surrounding deaprendizagem. To educate for a global citizenship is to develop the understanding of that impossvel to want to decelerate the world and, in this manner, to look for to adapt formade to educate to the changes fast and sped up gifts in our lives. It is to have internal umaatitude of opening and not of closing, an attitude of questionamentocrtico and, at the same time, acceptance of what to judge excellent for aeducao. this involves the understanding of the social impacts and polticosdecorrentes of the demographic phenomena and the acquisition of compatible values it eats life in a planetary society, where it takes advantage the tolerance, the respect, acompaixo, the cooperation and solidarity.

It is to prepare the individuals to paravivenciarem new ethics between the peoples, capable to improve the convivncianeste world. To develop the considered subject we could not leave to consist the Law deDiretrizes and Bases of National Education 9394/96 that, in its article 12, prevque, ' ' the educational establishments, respected the common norms and of seusistema of education, will have the incumbency to elaborate and to execute propostapedaggica' '. (BRAZIL, 1996). However, these proposals, so that they are in accordance with the realidadesociocultural of the present time, cannot only pautar in the knowledge traditionally used einformaes in the education. She is necessary to innovate e, paraisso, to use themselves of technological resources that propitiate positive consequences noensino/learning. Moreover, communication is necessary to extend the capacity of development of meiosde to make possible the magnifying of the relations human beings so that ossaberes is argued and socialized. Only thus, the education encontrarmeios not to be on this side of the sociocultural development of its time and doespao in which one meets inserted.