Monthly Archive: April 2019

America Lands

The news of the discovery of America by Cristobal Colon in 1492, was astonished indelibly to the old continent. Hundreds of adventurers, obsessed by gold and greed, migrated to the new lands in search of military and personal glory. You may want to visit Edward Minskoff to increase your knowledge. One of them, Hernan Cortes Monroy (1485-1547), would be the protagonist of a real feat to conquer, with no more than 1,000 Spaniards under his command, an enormous empire of millions of subjects. In the story, few military campaigns have had such dose of luck, acumen, diplomacy and precision. Polite, I have hence the importance of his memory, made the impossible possible: build the foundations of the future Mexican nation. The conquest began after the search for an effective solution to the big problem that Spain generated with its bloody expolicion to Caribbean lands, the first discovered. The injustices and varied levies motivated the preoccupation of the same authorities of the Crown, which decreed the famous laws of Burgos, in response which was intended to limit abuse of the indigenous population. However, as the Secularization of the Empire, these attentions were omitted, degenerating into a brutal system of work that caused the massive death of the Aboriginal population, decimated by diseases brought by the invaders and the demolition work weight.

The worrying decline in force slave labor, drove the Spanish authorities to seek new labor in the surrounding lands. In fact, Diego Velazquez de Cuellar, Governor of the island of Cuba (in those years Fernandina) organized 3 expeditions to the current territory of Mexico. The first, in 1517, was conducted by Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba who is known as the discoverer of Yucatan. This first expedition was quite rugged, as villagers attacked the expedition members three times, in Ekab, Chakan Putum and the Florida peninsula. Disappointed by the results, Velasquez organized and sent to Juan de Grijalva in 1518 as Captain of the second expedition, in which the clergyman Juan Diaz acted as chaplain and wrote the Chronicle travel itinerary.

Alexander Piatigorsky

In interpreting the words of Umberto Eco, Italian author and semiotics of postmodern bestseller 'Name of the Rose', the Russian philosopher and cultural studies, Alexander Piatigorsky, in his essay on the AP says'(…) Umberto Eco writes, that in this postmodern desperately tries to explain, to explain themselves to another – a friend, enemy, peace, to anyone, because he will die at a time when no one will explain. But explaining yourself to another, he is trying to do and how another, rather than as himself. Explaining the reception of postmodern explanation, Eco says: Well, imagine that you are cultured and educated man, want to explain to love a woman you consider not only the cultural and educated, but also smart. Of course, you could just say, 'I love you madly', but you can not do this because she knows that these words were just told to Anne of Austria in the novel by 'Three Musketeers'. Therefore, in order to protect yourself, you say, 'I'm madly in love you, in the words of Dumas' Three Musketeers'.

Yes, of course, a woman, if she smart, understand what you mean and why do you say it that way. But quite another thing, if she really so smart, if she wants to answer is 'yes' to a declaration of love? " (Italics here and below in quotes belongs to Pyatigorsk. – VR). Another fundamental principle of the AP – the refusal of the truth. Miscellaneous philosophical trends in different ways to understand the truth, but the PA refuses to recognize and solve this problem – except as a problem of language game in the spirit of the late Wittgenstein (see analytic philosophy), they say, the truth – it's just a word that means what it says in the dictionary. It is important – not the value of the word and its meaning (see the logical semantics, the sign), its etymology, then, as it was used before.