Domestic Burns

Unfortunately, none of us is safe from burns. Any strong thermal or chemical action entails the reaction of the organism in the form of redness, blisters, etc. Flame burns up more than one third of all burns. More often all fire burns occur at home, but also highlights individual and mass production (in fires, explosions), or war trauma (when hostilities occur frequently flame burns). The peculiarity of this kind of burns that often joined by TIT, the poisoning of carbon monoxide and combustion products, which can themselves lead to the death of the victim.

They are often widespread and deep, often occur against a background of alcoholic intoxication (While smoking in bed, etc.), which worsens the prognosis of injury. Flame burns are usually inflamed by clothing (often – synthetic particles that penetrate deep into the tissue). Flame burns often have a mosaic character, and there are tissues and coagulation of proteins there is a dry crust (skin necrosis). Characteristic of amnesia (retrograde and antegrade, sometimes quite deep – Korsakoff's syndrome), which is often associated with intoxication, psychosis. For thermal burns a flame is often characterized by a circular lesion, compression of blood vessels, muscles, organs of the chest, which can lead to secondary lesions of the limbs (due to deterioration of blood flow in tissues with subsequent development of secondary necrosis), a dysfunction of the chest. Different character have skin burns in explosions (in domestic gas explosions, mine blasts, etc.). Burns hot liquid (most often – hot water, hot water burn) and steam about 30% of all burns. Basically – this household burns. The liquid quickly spreads over the skin, so these burns usually are larger, often more than the original area of contact with hot liquid. Scalds, especially during prolonged exposure, cause wet scab (kollikvatsionny necrosis), in which there is an earlier intoxication, early bacterial contamination of burn wounds.