Even in ancient times, people have tried to define the criteria for teaching teens. In the Spartan boys' schools already existed a set of disciplines for which training was going, and it was hard-coded, what skills should have graduate. Yes, and current student teachers constantly told: the desk you should get a mandatory minimum knowledge, this is not live without. The current curriculum is, in fact, the educational standard – a set of knowledge and skills that have to get everyone who graduated from school. The educational standard in the new understanding, according to Alexander, this 'social contract', the agreement of society, family and State the requirements for the results of education.
These requirements should be agreed, society wishes to obtain a socially-adjusted person, the state – the law-abiding citizen, parents want their child to be successful in life. What is the difference of the new standards? What the country needs the educational standards, it became clear after the collapse of the Soviet education system. Can not be the whole country – from Kaliningrad to Kamchatka – tough one to teach and the same thing. Each region has its own specifics. Yes, and teaching methods may be different, but not uniform, as it was for many years. There were many ideas.
For example, one proposed to abandon the teaching of mathematics in general. Others – Enter only the minimum required to read literary works. As a result, in 1993 developed the first version of the educational standard. Of course, he was imperfect, but it is consistent with the requirements of time.