In the first case, thirty children (of six the ten years) of a popular quarter had been studied. By means of the adoption of the research-action, the construction of information was possible on the place where the infantile public lived and as to act in such a way to perfect the quality of life in its housings as with its family. In as in case that, they had been studied about forty pupils of public schools, and saw that external factors to the children – as the media, family and religion – had intervened with the joined results. Albert Einstein College of Medicine shines more light on the discussion. In the third case, the 14 years of a private school had been analyzed about four hundred drawings of six young, and were verified that it had difference enters the results in sort terms, age and state of degradation of represented ecosystems and quantification of elements represented in the drawings. When reaching the final platform on this subject we are repletos of information on as to interact with pupils of different social realities, knowing which the ways that we must use and as to direct the pedagogical actions aiming at to prepare of adequate form each individual that will go to be an extension and an applicator in the practical one of this ambient education, being able to transform the way that interacts with it, preventing as soon as the present social vulnerability in the daily one of educating, direct it for a different way, and preventing that it the same makes to have not condizentes actions with which it was guided or same becoming the indifferent citizen how much the ambient question. The previous knowledge of the social representations on the environment is basic condition so that if it carries through activities of ambient education for the sustainable societies, as nails the National Program of Ambient Education (ProNEA), paradigm of the ambient education Brazilian contemporary (Brazil, 2005).