Tag Archive: history

Education In The Old Societies: Tribal, Eastern And Greek

The EDUCATION IN the TRIBAL SOCIETIES the calls primitive communities (antecedent to the invention of the writing) used, almost that exclusively, agriculture, the pasturing, the hunting fish and it for its survival. Moreover, divisions of social classrooms do not possuam, then the relation did not exist control-obedience, and the standards of behaviors were developed in the base of the consensus. Ahead of these aspects, the education in these civilizations becomes interesting, still more for the fact not to have the writing. For this reason, the figure of the school did not exist and the educative process aimed at ' ' to prepare the individual for the life and at the same time to prepare it to be able to participate of the life of the group, indispensable reality, under some aspetos, for sobrevivncia' ' (GILES, Thomas Ransom, 1987, History of the Education, P. 4).

Valley to stand out that the myths had fort presence in the culture of these peoples and, therefore, the obedience to the mythical teachings was something of extreme value, has seen the fear of being wronged physics and mentally for the disobedience they totem to it (generally an animal and to the times a vegetable totem, it is the mythical ancestor of a tribe that grants protection to each one of its members). We see then the presence of a based educational system in the imitation, that not form critical, but only repeating of information. In the process of transmission of knowledge, the tribes carried through the calls initiation ceremonies, in which the young was submitted the tests of physical and psychological resistncias. These tests were applied by most experienced of the tribes, mainly for the calls wizards and xams. It is important to point out that these last ones, even so had much respect and admiration inside of the tribes, was not seen as superior heads or beings.

Professor Gilbert Cotrim

The chapter if locks up with 08 (eight) questions proposals to the pupil, in order to evaluate its understanding of the text. History and conscience of the world? Of Daily pay-History to the Average Age (vol. 1) The referenciada workmanship, published for the Publishing company Hail, is destined to 2 segment of Basic Ensino, has as author the Professor Gilbert Cotrim, graduated History for the USP, Master in Education and History of the Culture for the Mackenzie University, graduated Philosophy for the PUC? SP and enrolled Lawyer in the OAB-SP. We use 11 edition, printed in 1997, that it is destined the study since the Daily pay History until the Average Age. The supervision of the revision was in charge of Fernanda Almeida Umile and the contribution of Ana M.

Cortazzo Silva, Ceclia B. Alves Teixeira, Mnica Rodrigues de Lima and Rosemeire Carbonari. The iconographic research was carried through by Cndido Domingues Granjeiro. The content on Average Age is distributed in a total of 60 pages, that goes since the CAP. 14 to the CAP. 21, divided of page 128 pgina188, what it approximately corresponds 31% of the total of the volume and encloses since the Bizantina Civilization the Culture in the Average Age.

However, in order to give to pursuing our proposal of a comparative analysis, we will go to restrict our boarding to the CAP. 18? Feudal system. Feudalismo (p 163) In the related chapter, the author presents the reasons that had taken the Europe occidental person to form a new social organization. Influences of elements of the germanic and Roman world, for occasion of the barbarous invasions and the decay of the Roman Empire, had forced a new social order. Elements of the Roman world, as the colonato, system of servile work, where plebeian poor persons and slaves had passed the condition of colonists in the great country properties, that the land for work under the condition to receive offered to them protection and to pay with most of the production.

Press Subject

23) the fight for the rights of the vote does not only cease in article publications of Lutz in the feminine magazines, the militant one looked the local Press for the spreading of its manifestos, clearly that the great majority was on the domain of the patriarcal elite. When one studies the questions of sort in a period guided for the conception politics is necessary to have in mind that the presidential elections in Brazil during the Old Republic were only ritual that they consecrated the previous names chosen by the dominant oligarchies. ‘ ‘ The presidential campaigns of 1909 and 1919 had been special for the presence of Rui Barbosa that nailed reforms to moralizar the elections and federalismo’ ‘ (YOUNG CHICKEN, 2003, p.17). For in such a way it are of the world of the oligarchies, Brazil, was marked by some transformations important that they point the sprouting of an urban culture. It is distinguished for the movement of women, that of an important point was organized for the electoral questions. It has a great importance of the participation of the women in the space politician, therefore it disarticulates the argument, that politics is only for the men.

However as politics it is subject for debate in the society, the woman must know the subject and the vocabulary politician, appears at this moment Berta elect Lutz in 1934. The feminine argument is defined as space of fight and work. Face to the subject Work, we will present some characteristics of the woman in the Old Republic, concerning its development in the sphere of the work, for this, it is placed inside woman of the social relations. For Isabel Billion: It is important to point out, in this direction, that the women had started to enter in the world of the work at the moment where the workshops were giving place to the plants and them they had started to work in an environment where the impersonal relations and the increase of in the distance enter the owners of the companies and the employees make possible the development of practical that they still allowed a bigger exploration of the work.

Century XVI

The imaginary European on the Amaznia in century XVI the context of the imaginary European of century XVI is, still, on to imaginary the Medieval one, therefore this impregnated to the misticismo and the religion, where such description-social context passes for a phase of transistion of this medieval world for the modern. With the Arab commercial monopoly in the eastern routes, the Europeans if capsize in the obligation to conquer and to tame new routes beyond the seas. The insertion of the Amaznia in the imaginary European was given exactly in this period of century XVI, where the region passed to be seen by the Europeans through its cultural values, concepts, judgments, customs and traditions, beyond the region suburb of the European social universe becomes. Transposing its partner-cultural values to the Amazon region the Europeans had established a present attempt to construct the representation of an exterior world to its, world this stranger who passes then to be object of great astonishment for the grandiosidade and exuberncia of observed and conquered region. The meeting and failures in meeting with the aboriginal societies of the Amazon region make possible the Europeans to interpret this ' ' new mundo' ' with values similar to its, since the aboriginals, for times, fed the European imagination, where the precarious existing communication between both, made with that European they interpreted as the existence of a country of the cinnamon, the Amazon warriors and the El Dorado, beyond the creation of the proper travellers and cronistas in its cartografias to reproduce all cited myths e, more still, to insert monsters and animals that are not part of the Amazonian fauna in its stories.

The History of the Amaznia in Century XVI is the mark of the European conquest, where it will make of the region the edge of the edge of the world, where the imaginary European far from being an illusion or imagination created for the travelling ones was a form to try to interpret and to represent an exterior reality its form in coherent way with concepts, judgments and values next to its daily one. Bibliographical reference PRIORE, Mary and GOMES, Flvio. You of the rivers: Amaznia, edges and Histories. Rio De Janeiro: publishing company Campus, 2003.

Ferdinand Saussure

Already in the Theory of the Language, as Ferdinand Saussure if bases on the structure of the language, in the collective, common for all the falantes for considering that the language is homogeneous and dynamic a process, on which, each individual has that to be studied separately taking in consideration the exterior set of signs. Therefore, the estruturalismo of the language, for Saussure is a process for which all society passes, each one with its necessary forms having improvement or not. This process is one in such a way individual one, in accordance with varies the necessities of each people. In accordance with the aboriginal historicidade in Brazil, in the discovery of Brazil for the Portuguese in 1500, already existed tribes of indians, in which they made a somatria of 6 million aboriginals spread for all continent. But, that with passing of the time this amount of indians if wasting had had to the innumerable diseases brought for the Portuguese. Main factors that differentiate the indians of the white men are that it does not have distinction of classrooms between them, all have the same rights and receive treatment the same. They live of the hunting, of it fishes and the products that the land it of, its instruments of work as the arrow, the arc and other utensils are of individual use, more used only for its defense or to hunt.

Only two important figures for the organization of the tribe exist that are ' ' Paj' ' ' ' Cacique' ' , the first one with the function to know all the rituals and receiver of the messages of deuses, therefore knows all the teas and grass that cures the illnesses. Already the function of the chieftain is to guide the indians, to keep the organization and to command the tribe. Geographic localization of the Maici tribe, Brazilian territory, in Amazon more necessarily in Manaus, the edges of the River Wood, the proximity of the Manicor.