Tag Archive: history

Automobile Club

Took a taxi back several hundred years ago, in 1639, when it was introduced first license for carting. Then coachmen used fairly heavy and bulky four-wheel carriages, "hekni" in the winter they focused on the insulation. They were replaced only in 1840 to more maneuverable two-wheeled gigs, "cabs". Also, while there were also double and triple "cabs" with a closed cab. About a hundred years ago began sunset horse-drawn cab, while on the streets of London for the first time elektrokeby left, their speed was only 15 km / h.

But in the same year they went bankrupt and were closed. And the last horse carting license was closed only in 1847. In 1907, London says the car boom taxi, while many citizens began to develop this car for a taxi. But despite this, until 1932 was the most common taxi "cab Unique," which produced the French company. But to this day retains its British traditions of a taxi, it has become a tourist attraction of London as Big Ben or red double-decker buses. Until recently, all the taxi cab in England were painted black, which symbolizes the honor and dignity, but not so long ago began to appear in different colors most taxis in addition to their sides is advertising. The design of traditional English Taxi is the same as centuries ago, the passenger is the driver behind the partition, bags are placed near the driver. Back in those days, when a taxi equipped with motors just started, the driver was separated from passenger who was sitting in an enclosed cabin.

This allows the driver to have a full view of the road and communicate with pedestrians, other drivers and police, the passengers also had a chance to talk or rest comfortably on the outside noise. French taxi originates from an enterprising Frenchman, who started his coaching inn horse-drawn carriages. Was this courtyard near the chapel "Fiacre" and before that ordinary citizens could not afford travel in carriages because they were only the rich nobles. In 1896, the Automobile Club announced that the French capital to give a new face at the expense of motorized taxis. Then, with the usual horse-drawn carriages were stripped of all superfluous, was installed behind the petrol engine and front wheel and control levers. However, this idea was not a great success with people, because there were always disputes over fare. Drivers can safely inflate the payment, depending on different situations, and not the distance that has been passed. But these disputes have stopped after creating a device called "taximeter". He calculated the amount to be paid, which was taken into account time spent on the road, and distance traveled. Of course, some drivers were not happy with this new feature and some of them have gone out of business. However, the rapid development of the taxi is gratefully taximeter. Initially, he the driver side just above the front wheel, he later moved into the car, delivered discomfort than clicking. In the 20th century, most countries have made the replacement of mechanical taximeter in electronic, thus avoiding the discomfort of the driver and passenger. First company that started producing cars targeted for use as a taxi, was "Reno." It also stained them in red or green, allowing to stand out in such a taxi from the stream of black cars.

Press Subject

23) the fight for the rights of the vote does not only cease in article publications of Lutz in the feminine magazines, the militant one looked the local Press for the spreading of its manifestos, clearly that the great majority was on the domain of the patriarcal elite. At Edward Minskoff you will find additional information. When one studies the questions of sort in a period guided for the conception politics is necessary to have in mind that the presidential elections in Brazil during the Old Republic were only ritual that they consecrated the previous names chosen by the dominant oligarchies. ‘ ‘ The presidential campaigns of 1909 and 1919 had been special for the presence of Rui Barbosa that nailed reforms to moralizar the elections and federalismo’ ‘ (YOUNG CHICKEN, 2003, p.17). For in such a way it are of the world of the oligarchies, Brazil, was marked by some transformations important that they point the sprouting of an urban culture. It is distinguished for the movement of women, that of an important point was organized for the electoral questions. It has a great importance of the participation of the women in the space politician, therefore it disarticulates the argument, that politics is only for the men.

However as politics it is subject for debate in the society, the woman must know the subject and the vocabulary politician, appears at this moment Berta elect Lutz in 1934. The feminine argument is defined as space of fight and work. Face to the subject Work, we will present some characteristics of the woman in the Old Republic, concerning its development in the sphere of the work, for this, it is placed inside woman of the social relations. For Isabel Billion: It is important to point out, in this direction, that the women had started to enter in the world of the work at the moment where the workshops were giving place to the plants and them they had started to work in an environment where the impersonal relations and the increase of in the distance enter the owners of the companies and the employees make possible the development of practical that they still allowed a bigger exploration of the work.

Military Community

There were military community, usually in times of unrest, in terms of border conflicts, religious wars and wars for national independence, of colonization. In the initial stages of the main occupation of these communities is a war polurazboynogo character. However, later they switched to a service state on a contractual basis, or disappeared (1). The word "Cossack" is polysemantic, due to the peculiarities of the history of the Cossack communities of the Eurasian steppe expanses. At various times by the word 'Hid' a variety of ethnic composition, structure, and studies community, which united the war, military science as the basis of life. From a linguistic point of view, the word 'Cossack' likely Turkic origin, indicating an armed guard, guard borders, Daredevil-rider. In the early Middle Ages and in the mature open spaces of Dasht-i-Kipchak – "Great Steppe" borders in the modern sense of the word – as the line separation of state sovereignty – is not there. There was no insurmountable ethnic differences between peoples (for example, even in the late XVIII – early XIX centuries.

Hegel pointed out that the present situation it is terrible – and the Russian German is no longer understand each other, which means that the previously understood). In these circumstances, the military community evolved dashing horsemen of the steppes, employees, or voluntary, skilled warriors, freedom-loving and proud, in a multinational composition. Apparently, these communities have appeared in the late antiquity and the Middle Ages. However, the lack of credible evidence does not allow to trace their history.

Sanatorium Railway Trade Union Central Committee

In the season of 1921 at the Iron waters in summer are 8 resorts in the 1166 beds in the treatment adopted in 1751, among them many children. Defined in the following year and the basic profile of treatment spa at the suggestion of Dr. vv. Vladimir. This is a disease of the stomach, liver, urogenital organs. There are new resorts: "Mountain Air", "Oak Grove" Sanatorium Railway Trade Union Central Committee, "Drummer", sanatorium 42 named. Heroes Magnitogorsk Complex. If you are unsure how to proceed, check out Related Group. Stalin and others.

In 1940, at 16 health centers in 2,187 places treat 14 000 620. Since the beginning of World War ii civilian travelers are replaced by wounded soldiers and commanders of the Red Army. By August 1941 it was deployed seven hospitals in the 3000 beds. On August 9, 1942 and January 1943 and survived the German occupation. It was destroyed 980 sanatorium beds and balneohozyaystvo. But already in April 1943 the resort once again begins to take on the treatment of the wounded.

After the war, restored health resort activities, and in 1950, 12 health centers in 1,320 hospital beds were in the treatment of 19.6 thousand. In 1970 year, the Government of the rsfsr adopted the long-term plan of development of the resort town of in the next 20-25 years, and in 1972, City Council City Council of People's Deputies approved the draft detailed plan the central part of the resort. Construction of new motels and B & Bs, comfortable housing for existing resorts.

History Study

The person initially, as being curious, interested in history. It does not matter whose it is history. The history of man, state, and perhaps the entire world. After all, look into the past, learn from mistakes ancestors, get the lessons of failure and downs, to analyze the situation in the present – oh, how it may be necessary. Where else to take advice on how not to history. The past does not change, they do not try, but the present and, especially, future, until it was past, people change able.

Oh, and, finally, to enjoy, become proud of their ancestors. Jorge Perez has much experience in this field. Feel himself the heir of the great manners and customs, to understand patterns of turning ideas into material things and actions, recognize their involvement in the what is happening in the present and the responsibility to their descendants. All this provides a history of constantly proving its necessity, not only in academic circles but also in everyday affairs, home. History is not just showed its recurrence. The only difference in time and characters. But some events are repeated.

And repeat with enviable regularity. One can not say that history shows us time, such as the collapse of a single state on separate and independent territory? It is impossible. It was such already. Or, for example, attempts to expand the Russian state from the countries of Europe? Also there. And repeatedly. And such examples, if you look closely, you can find a huge mass and thus to analyze, how all these things "pass" as they admitted, as to wriggle out of them. Lessons weight and they include not only the state as a whole, but also to specific person. Not for nothing that reputable scientists compare the life and functioning of the state with the life and functioning of the individual. It is understandable, of course, thoroughly, in all its forms and variations, history of study is simply impossible. It is impossible to say with precision because of what thought and felt that this or that character or that the impetus for specific actions and what causes this shock, because history is not only a list of actions arranged in chronological order, but also interweaving of many more factors than time, location and area. On the one hand, it is heavier to the history, on the other hand, makes this process uniquely interesting and intriguing because, understanding of cause and effect occurred in a particular period of the event, it is clear and understandable, that the ancestors were not backward savages, and could, knew and could do something that is useful everywhere and at all times.

Creation Of A Culture

The Spanish descendants settled in our territory, that which was the Inca Empire, which later became independent from the political tutelage, the economy of the Iberian peninsula became in need of support and domination stay in it, for which officials had to be create a national structure, had to create separate main element is a musical culture, for which drew on their backgrounds, they could not have musical original elements, as this would have meant putting themselves under the domination of culture found. If they took elements of culture found, had been tacitly confirm that what I found was brought over as a culture of domination. But because they tried to create those lines in his thinking.

First let’s see what The escutcheons with many years of settlement in our country, on one hand not considered originating at the rate of natural ethnic differences, on the other side had lost all connection with the Iberian peninsula, for in it were not considered at all in the business of government, one of the parties that bore the brunt of the taxes that supported the peninsula. (As opposed to Related Group). As we see the Iberian descendants were pariahs, outcasts about their mother country, therefore there was the germ of the generation of independence from the mainland, from theirs, not the native peoples who had and have double slavery since that time.

First on the peninsula and then by his henchmen who stayed in our territory. But poor housing were slowly forming in a despised social class as the place that had taken had no better idea to found their own nation who called Peru. .

Peace Through Culture

The Act directed to the service creation and Peace Through Culture. Banner of Peace. These concepts have come to our planet with the name of Nicholas Roerich as the Roerich Pact or Pact of Peace. The full contents of the Covenant, there is no need to present, anyone can read it online. Much more important than the fact of its appearance and its author. And it is no accident.

There is no similar example in the world of good will such scale that can compare with it. The name of this great saint, philosopher, artist, philosopher, writer, scholar and public figure today is known throughout the world. What is unfortunately not be said about awareness of the broad masses of content that a tremendous legacy he has left for posterity. Especially because what side of his heritage nor hell, it is so huge in scope and so multifaceted and deep that the bottom is not there. And the more attached to this heritage, the more new faces and values continue to discover.

Whether it's pictures, books, letters or travel notes. Today, in an age of rampant spirituality, with virtually erased the line between pragmatism and cynicism, and the passion for wealth and greed took epidemic proportions, and mankind in many ways they became fools, are particularly relevant to the covenants. His life, which may be an example for us. "The consciousness of beauty will save the world" – this is what he said. And as terrible a warning – "ignorance – the greatest crime." We are in the majority, unfortunately, for routine and vanity do not think about it. And for good reason. But there is still time, and there is a possibility. Especially because, thank God, his works are published, though very limited editions. Need a little time to take away TV, beer, and many other empty resulting in dullness and degradation of entertainment and fun. In order to devote to what actually distinguishes man from the man in the street, people from the population, and humanity of the population. How is titanium, a scale figure, he had to be that way to formulate the problem and to show ways to solve it.

Education In The Old Societies: Tribal, Eastern And Greek

The EDUCATION IN the TRIBAL SOCIETIES the calls primitive communities (antecedent to the invention of the writing) used, almost that exclusively, agriculture, the pasturing, the hunting fish and it for its survival. Moreover, divisions of social classrooms do not possuam, then the relation did not exist control-obedience, and the standards of behaviors were developed in the base of the consensus. Ahead of these aspects, the education in these civilizations becomes interesting, still more for the fact not to have the writing. For this reason, the figure of the school did not exist and the educative process aimed at ' ' to prepare the individual for the life and at the same time to prepare it to be able to participate of the life of the group, indispensable reality, under some aspetos, for sobrevivncia' ' (GILES, Thomas Ransom, 1987, History of the Education, P. 4).

Valley to stand out that the myths had fort presence in the culture of these peoples and, therefore, the obedience to the mythical teachings was something of extreme value, has seen the fear of being wronged physics and mentally for the disobedience they totem to it (generally an animal and to the times a vegetable totem, it is the mythical ancestor of a tribe that grants protection to each one of its members). We see then the presence of a based educational system in the imitation, that not form critical, but only repeating of information. In the process of transmission of knowledge, the tribes carried through the calls initiation ceremonies, in which the young was submitted the tests of physical and psychological resistncias. These tests were applied by most experienced of the tribes, mainly for the calls wizards and xams. It is important to point out that these last ones, even so had much respect and admiration inside of the tribes, was not seen as superior heads or beings.