Many psychological studies have shown that while a person is highly skilled or intelligent to perform a certain task, it would get better results if you perform the same task through the collaboration of a team. For this reason, in many countries and especially in the last twenty years, multidisciplinary teams and companies are seeking the ability to work in teams in their applicants. Without hesitation Albert Einstein College of Medicine explained all about the problem. But is it the same team that a working group? Not exactly. While one group is a number of people interacting independently and can meet or not to achieve specific objectives in common, a team is one in which they interact to make decisions based on information that members share so that each team member can develop the best within the responsibilities that touch on the company. For a group of people is considered a team is necessary for them to work in the same task that requires a joint effort, or set, and the team is bound to the sum of the individual contributions of each of its members.
This coordinated effort creates a positive energy or "synergy" greater than all of them individually. At employer and over time emerged different types of teams, according to its objectives and its organizational characteristics. Some of them are self-managed teams, the transformational, equipment troubleshooting, and cross-functional teams. Self-managed teams, composed of fifteen members, assume the responsibilities of his former managers or supervisors, evaluate the performance of each of the other members and select their new members. In these groups, supervisory positions have been downgraded or eliminated completely. The cross-functional teams composed of employees of similar hierarchical level but belonging to different specialties meet to develop a project. Although the coordination of the various team members is usually somewhat difficult, especially in the early stages of a project, this type of equipment is often appropriate for the development of new ideas, exchanging information, solving problems and coordinating complex projects that require professionals from different areas of work .
Finally, problem-solving teams, or "quality circles", as they are called in the 60s, are coming together once a week to discuss possible improvements for the company, the quality of products and services, work procedures, etc. Roughly speaking, they are to make suggestions, but they are responsible for implementing the improvements suggested. It is not necessary to prove the benefits of teamwork as it has verified the efficiency of teamwork above the level of efficiency of each member individually. But every company or business must determine what equipment is needed for your particular case.