The Education and Ensino of Geography Are lived in the height of the globalization of the economy and the communications, at a time marked for the contradictions, individualism and changes. Inside of this scene after-modern, the schools must act imposing new challenges for the educators. Ahead of this modernity, as it must be the education of geography? Old geography was part only of didactic books, as it had become to be in the paper, only having a utility: to serve the military interests, that is, to go to the war. Today it continues going the war, but for a better life that does not scrumble the Armed Forces, but the population, mainly the people see who it in a critical way. In accordance with Lucci (1998, P. 15): ' ' science that studies the production of the space and its transformations for sociedade' '. In this context, the work of the geographic education is not more than memorization, consists of taking the people in general, the citizens, to a critical and space conscience with reasoning to locate and to extend definitive facts.
For Callai (1998, P. 56): Geography is the science that studies, analyzes and tries to explain the space produced for the man and, while education substance, it allows that if it perceives as participant of the space that studies, where the phenomena that occur there are resulted of the life and the work of the men and are inserted in a development process. Being thus, the object of study of geography in the school, is the geographic space, understood as the social space, concrete, in dynamic and possible movement of successive changes, in the measure where the society also if modifies, however, each new time does not erase of all previous space, thus the past leaves marks in the gift. According to Milton Saints (1996, P. 114): ' ' The space is accumulated time, is history geografizada' '.